Psyche (mythology)

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Goddess of the Soul
The Abduction of Psyche by William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1895)
SymbolButterfly wings
Personal information
ParentsUnnamed King and Queen[1]
SiblingsTwo unnamed sisters

Psyche (/ˈsʌɪki/;[2] Greek: Ψυχή, Psychí) is the Greek goddess of the soul. She was born a mortal woman, with beauty that rivaled Aphrodite. Psyche is known from the story called The Golden Ass, written by Lucius Apuleius in the 2nd century. She is sometimes referred to as Psykhe.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The following summary is condensed from the translation of Kenney (Cambridge University Press, 1990), and the revised translation of W. Adlington by S. Gaseless for the Loeb Classical Library (Harvard University Press, 1915), with reference to the accompanying Latin text.
  2. ^ Oxford dictionary


Further reading[edit]

  • Benson, Geoffrey C. "Cupid and Psyche and the Illumination of the Unseen." In Re-Wiring The Ancient Novel, 2 Volume Set: Volume 1: Greek Novels, Volume 2: Roman Novels and Other Important Texts, edited by Cueva Edmund, Harrison Stephen, Mason Hugh, Owens William, and Schwartz Saundra, 85-116. Luxembourg: Barkhuis, 2018.
  • Dowden, Ken. "Psyche on the Rock." Latomus 41, no. 2 (1982): 336-52.
  • Edwards, Lee R. "The Labors of Psyche: Toward a Theory of Female Heroism." Critical Inquiry 6, no. 1 (1979): 33-49.
  • GAGNÉ, LAURIE BRANDS. "Inanna, Demeter, and Psyche." In The Uses of Darkness: Women's Underworld Journeys, Ancient and Modern, 23-62. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2000.
  • Haskins, Susan L. "A Gendered Reading for the Character of Psyche in Apuleius' "Metamorphoses"." Mnemosyne, Fourth Series, 67, no. 2 (2014): 247-69.
  • Katz, Phyllis B. "THE MYTH OF PSYCHE: A DEFINITION OF THE NATURE OF THE FEMININE?" Arethusa 9, no. 1 (1976): 111-18.
  • MAKOWSKI, JOHN F. "PERSEPHONE, PSYCHE, AND THE MOTHER-MAIDEN ARCHETYPE." The Classical Outlook 62, no. 3 (1985): 73-78.
  • McCreight, Thomas. "Psyche’s Sisters as Medicae?: Allusions to Medicine in Cupid and Psyche." In Lectiones Scrupulosae: Essays on the Text and Interpretation of Apuleius' Metamorphoses in Honour of Maaike Zimmerman, edited by Keulen W.H., Nauta R.R., and Panayotakis S., 123-67. Barkhuis, 2006.